Prevalence of frailty-related risk factors in older adults seen by community nurses
This study by Ballard et al. (2013) describes the frequency of four frailty-related risk factors in a cohort of older adults visited by public health nurses in Dublin, ROI. Suspected cognitive impairment was one of the frailty risk factors. The other three were risk of malnutrition, falling, and dependence in ADL. The prevalence of suspected cognitive impairment, measured using the Hodkinson’s Abbreviated Mental Test, was found to be 16.4%, comparable to similar international studies. The study suggests that there is a need to implement a valid and standardised screening tool for use by public health nurses to help them identify older people with suspected cognitive impairment with a view to referral for further assessment for dementia or to rule out other causes negatively affecting memory such as vitamin B deficiency, thyroid disorders, depression, and delirium.
BALLARD, J., MOONEY, M. and DEMPSEY, O. 2013. Prevalence of frailty-related risk factors in older adults seen by community nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 69(3), 675–684