Technologies to support community-dwelling persons with dementia: a position paper on issues regarding development, usability, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, deployment, and ethics

Meiland et al. (2017) carried out a review of literature and consulted with experts on the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of assistive and health technology in dementia. While benefits of these technologies were reported, the authors point to the uncontrolled nature of many studies, urging caution about the results. They found enthusiasm among people with dementia for using assistive technologies to support independence and also for taking part in the design process. People with dementia are able to use new technologies but often need support from carers or health professionals. Ethics featured heavily in the papers reviewed and often this related to the dilemma between autonomy and risk versus privacy and safety. Challenges identified included addressing individual needs and abilities, identifying technology that is most relevant to people with dementia and conducting robust research in the field. The authors detail a series of recommendations and conclude that further research is needed alongside a multi-disciplinary approach to development of a technology deployment strategy.
Title: 
Technologies to support community-dwelling persons with dementia: a position paper on issues regarding development, usability, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, deployment, and ethics
Date: 
2017
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References: 
Meiland, F., Innes, A., Mountain, G., Robinson, L., van der Roest, H., García-Casal, J.A., Gove, D., Thyrian, J.R., Evans, S., Dröes, R.M. and Kelly, F., 2017. Technologies to support community-dwelling persons with dementia: a position paper on issues regarding development, usability, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, deployment, and ethics. JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies, 4(1).