Orientation to time as a guide to the presence and severity of cognitive impairment in older hospital patients
Given the poor recognition of dementia and delirium in acute hospital setting and that disorientation to time is a very common feature of dementia and delirium, O’Keefe, Mukhtar and O’Keefe (2011) examined temporal orientation and its usefulness as a guide to the presence of dementia or delirium among older in-patients and out-patents of an acute hospital in ROI. Of the 262 patients assessed on the same day by two different doctors, almost one-quarter were found to have dementia or delirium. The authors conclude that temporal orientation, properly recorded and interpreted, may provide a useful screening test for dementia or delirium in older hospital patients.
O’KEEFE, E., MUKHTAR, O. and O’KEEFE, S.T. (2011) Orientation to time as a guide to the presence and severity of cognitive impairment in older hospital patients, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 82, pp. 500-504.